NuVet Plus Ingredients

Please take note....this page contains a lot of information regarding the ingredients found in
NuVet Plus.  This is an amazing supplement that I highly recommend you continue using.
The ingredient list is long, but then why spend good money on a 'filler' supplement.

ALFALFA
Alfalfa is known as the "King of Plants", and its roots have been used for centuries in many cultures. The herb belongs to
the legume family, closely related to beans and peas. Alfalfa is an excellent source of vitamins D, E and K, beta-carotene,
minerals, fiber, chlorophyll, calcium, proteins and fats. It is especially rich in the amino acid trypophane. It is considered
to be a very nutritious herb, and is used to increase appetite, alleviate certain allergic reactions and help poor digestion.
It may also reduce the inflammation due to arthritis and rheumatism.  (Canine formula)

ALPHA AMYLASE
A soluble fiber digestant.  We believe NuVet Plus™ is the finest pet supplement available, however it must be able to be
digested as efficiently as possible. Alpha Amylase creates the means by which the ingredients will be absorbed into the
body as rapidly as possible without diminishing NuVet Plus™' powerful antioxidant capabilities.

AMINO ACIDS
Necessary for the synthesis of body proteins and many other tissue constituents.  Amino acids aid in building new
muscle, bone and tendon cells; play a vital role in metabolism, stamina, and brain function; and enable vitamins and
minerals to be properly absorbed and assimilated. There are approximately twenty-eight amino acids that combine in
various ways to create hundreds of different types of proteins. Some amino acids enhance the immune system by
stimulating the antioxidant activity of certain enzymes and can help prevent skin and coat problems. Others prevent
premature aging, tumors, nerve disease and connective tissue disorders.

Pet foods high in protein may or may not contain all the necessary amino acids to maintain proper health of a pet. This
deficiency could cause a host of problems ranging from indigestion, stunted growth, nervous disorders, or worse.  NuVet
Plus™, with its specifically blended natural ingredients, contains all the critical amino acids that must be introduced
through the diet for proper health.

BETA-CAROTENE
The precursor to Vitamin A becomes a powerful free radical scavenger in the body.  Vitamin A is essential in skeletal
growth, testicular and ovarian function,  embryonic development, and differentiation of tissues.  It is crucial for proper
eye function and possible cataract reduction.  Vitamin A is necessary for healthy skin and mucous membranes, the body’s
first line of defense against invading microorganisms and toxins, and promotes the immune response.  Beta-Carotene
and Vitamin A destroy carcinogens (cancer-causing agents), guards against heart disease and stroke, and lowers
cholesterol.

BLUE GREEN ALGAE
Blue Green Algae is nature's most basic food. Existing at the beginning of the food chain, it provides nutrition in its
simplest form. Blue Green Algae has a greater amount of protein than any other whole food. It provides the essential
nutrients for the health of the physical body, and the smooth operation of the brain and nervous system. Blue Green
Algae is a very rich chlorophyll source and has been shown to enhance the health of the entire body, strengthen the
immune system, promote intestinal regularity and the healing of wounds, boosts hemoglobin production and helps purify
the blood. The trace minerals found in blue green algae are Boron, Calcium, Chlorine, Chromium, Cobalt, Copper,
Fluorine, Geranium, Iodine, Iron, Magnesium, Maganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Phosphorus, Potassium, Silicon, Sodium,
Tin, Titanium, Vanadium, and Zinc.

BREWER’S YEAST
A balanced, natural source of B-Complex vitamins (also see Chicken Liver).  Studies show another beneficial effect of
Brewer’s Yeast supplementation is significant reduction of body fleas on companion pets.

CAT’S CLAW (UNA DE GATO)
Cat's Claw, also known as Una de Gato, is an ancient herb, found in the rain forest of Peru. This singular and wild woody
vine is known for its amazing healing properties and has been used by native people for centuries. It cleanses the
intestinal track, enhances the action of white blood cells, and acts as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. It is good for
intestinal problems and viral infections.  Research in different countries including Germany, Austria, England, and
Hungary has shown that Cat’s Claw can stimulate the immune system and may help in the treatment of diseases including
cancer, AIDS, viral or respiratory infections, allergies, arthritis and rheumatism.

CHICKEN LIVER
We use 100% chicken liver, which is paddle-dried in order to retain the omega fatty acids and vitamins A, C, and the B-
complex vitamin group.  Contains minerals including calcium, copper, phosphorous, and iron. Chicken liver is good for
anemia and aids in building healthy red blood cells.  It is known to increase energy, fight liver disorders, and help relieve
stress in the body.

COPPER
Aids in the formation of red blood cells, and works with Vitamin C to form elastin, an important protein that makes up
bone, skin and connective tissue.  It aids in the healing process and energy production. This mineral is needed for
healthy nerves and joints.  A sign of copper deficiency is osteoporosis.

EVENING PRIMROSE OIL
High in gamma linolenic acid (GLA), an essential polyunsaturated fatty acid that promotes cardiovascular health.   It is
known to prevent hardening of the arteries, heart disease and high blood pressure, and aids in lowering cholesterol. It is
helpful in the management of arthritis, rheumatism, certain skin disorders, and can relieve pain and inflammation.  
Studies have shown it can increase the release of sex hormones and thereby improve reproductive health.

IRON
Necessary for hemoglobin and myoglobin (a type of hemoglobin found in muscle tissue). It is necessary for the
oxygenation of red blood cells.  Iron helps in protein metabolism and promotes growth.  Iron is also necessary for energy
production and a healthy immune system.  Iron deficiency can cause weakness, anemia, digestive disturbances, fragile
bones and hair loss.

L METHIONINE
An essential amino acid that is not synthesized by the body and must be obtained from food or supplements.  It is a
powerful antioxidant and a good source of sulfur, which neutralizes free radicals and helps prevent skin, coat and nail
problems. It can help to detoxify harmful agents such as lead and other heavy metals found in airborne pollutants. L
Methionine is essential for the absorption, transportation and bioavailability of selenium and zinc in the body.  It also acts
as a liptropic agent to prevent excess fat buildup in the liver, and can help to reduce fatigue. It is useful in some allergy
cases because it reduces histamine release.

Recent studies show L Methionine supplementation may help delay the development of age-related cataracts.
Deficiencies in L Methionine can slow growth and cause low levels of essential proteins in the blood.  Lack of it can
result in edema, liver damage, loss of muscle and fat, skin lesions and weakness.  (Canine formula)

MAGNESIUM
Acts as a catalyst in the utilization of carbohydrates, fats, protein, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium.  It is important for
energy and healthy maintenance of bones, teeth, arteries, heart and nerves.  Research has shown that magnesium can
help prevent cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and certain forms of cancer.

MANGANESE
An enzyme activator that plays an important part in tissue respiration and carbohydrate and fat metabolism.  Necessary
for normal skeletal development and to maintain sex-hormone production.  Manganese deficiency can lead to paralysis,
convulsions, dizziness, deafness and blindness.

OYSTER SHELL
Extremely rich in calcium, the major constituent in the structural framework of bones.  Practically every cell in the body,
notably those in the heart, nerves, and muscles rely on calcium to function properly. Some experts recommend higher
levels of calcium in order to prevent bone loss.  The heart requires calcium to maintain a normal beat.  Muscles need it
for contraction and relaxation, and calcium is essential for blood clotting and proper nervous system function.

Over time, if not enough calcium is consumed, the body takes calcium from the bones to keep the heart and muscles
working properly.  This process will gradually weaken the bones until they break easily.  (All oyster shell used in our
product is farm-raised and tested for lead content.)

PAPAIN
Fundamentally aids in the digestion of protein. Papain’s activity helps to cleanse the tissues and intestinal walls.  The
unique ability of Papain to break down protein and convert a portion of it into Arginine is extremely important because
Arginine, in its natural form, has been found to influence the production of HGH.  HGH, produced in the pituitary gland, is
directly responsible for DNA and RNA replication as well as synthesis in liver, muscle, cartilage, and adipose tissues.  
HGH helps to increase muscle tone and decrease body fat.  Arginine has also been found to inhibit the growth of breast
cancer cells in test tube studies.

PHOSPHORUS
Works with calcium to build bones and teeth.  Aids the body in the utilization of vitamins, and conversion of food to
energy. Deficiencies of phosphorus can lead to loss of weight and appetite, irregular breathing, pyorrhea, fatigue and
nervous disorders.

PINE BARK
The proanthocyanidids in Pine Bark have been shown in clinical studies to be 20 times more effective than Vitamin C and
50 times more effective than Vitamin E as an antioxidant.  Pine Bark helps relieve pain and symptoms of osteoarthritis,
arthritis, rheumatism, and rheumatic fever.  It has been shown to reduce histamine production, thereby helping the lining
of arteries resist mutagen attacks which cause cardiovascular disease.

Pine Bark’s remarkable ability to “seek and destroy” free radicals is a tremendous benefit to the health of our animals.  By
reducing oxidative damage to cells and vital tissues, what we recognize as aging (stiff joints, wrinkled skin, degenerative
disease problems like arthritis, circulatory disorders, diabetes, heart disease, etc.) is held to a subdued rate.  In addition,
unlike virtually all other dietary antioxidants, proanthocyanidids readily cross the blood-brain barrier to protect vital brain
and nerve tissue from oxidation.

POTASSIUM (CITRATE)
Important for a healthy nervous system and regular heart rhythm.  Helps prevent strokes, aids in proper muscle
contraction, and works with sodium to control the body’s water balance.  Potassium is important for chemical reactions
within the cells, aids in maintaining stable blood pressure and proper transmission of eletro-chemical impulses. It also
regulates the transfer of nutrients through cell membranes.  Signs of potassium deficiency include abnormally dry skin,
weakness, paralysis, low blood pressure, and irregular heartbeat which can lead to cardiac arrest and death.

SELENIUM
An essential trace mineral whose principal function is to inhibit the oxidation of lipids (fats).  It is a vital antioxidant,
especially when combined with Vitamin E.  It protects the immune system by preventing the formation of free radicals.  It
has also been found to function as a preventative against the formation of certain types of tumors.  Selenium and Vitamin
E act synergistically to aid in the production of antibodies and help maintain a healthy heart and liver.  Selenium
deficiency has been linked to cancer and heart disease.  It has also been associated with exhaustion, growth impairment,
high cholesterol levels, infections, liver impairment, pancreatic insufficiency, and sterility.

SHARK CARTILAGE
Contains collagen and glycosaminoglycans. This combination makes shark cartilage a powerful anti-inflammatory wound-
healing agent that is non-toxic and has no known side-effects.  It is also an effective substance against bacteria, virus
and fungal infections, which stimulates the cellular and humoral components of our immune system.

There have been numerous studies demonstrating the ability of shark cartilage to shrink some cancerous tumors,
including those unaffected by standard treatments.  In order to grow, a tumor must establish its own blood vessel
network for nourishment.  Like all other living things, if the tumor is denied nourishment, it will die.  Studies performed at
the Massachussetts Institute for Technology have shown that shark cartilage contains a protein that impedes the
formation of blood vessels to tumors.

TAURINE
One of the most abundant amino acids in the body. It is found in the central nervous system, skeletal muscle, and highly
concentrated in the brain and heart.

Taurine therapy is used in the treatment of ischemic heart disease. Low Taurine and magnesium levels have been found
after heart attacks. Supplements decrease the tendency to develop potentially lethal abnormal arrhythmia after heart
attacks.

Another role played by Taurine is maintaining the correct composition of bile and solubility of cholesterol.  It helps
stabilize cell membranes and seems to have some antioxidant and detoxifying activity.  It also helps the movement of
potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium in and out of cells, which helps generate nerve impulses.  Taurine is
necessary for chemical reactions that produce normal vision. Deficiencies are associated with retinal degeneration and
age-related cataracts.

(Feline formula only; canines produce their own Taurine.)

VITAMIN A
See Beta-Carotene

VITAMIN B COMPLEX
Necessary for carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism.  Helps the functioning of the nervous system; maintains muscle
tone in the gastrointestinal tract; maintains the health of skin, coat, eyes, mouth and liver.  Contains folic acid.

VITAMIN B1 (THIAMINE)
Essential for normal functioning of the heart, nerves, muscles, skin and digestive system.  Necessary for carbohydrate
metabolism.

VITAMIN B2 (RIBOFLAVIN)
Necessary for carbohydrate-fat-protein metabolism, and antibody and red blood cell formation.  Good for healthy eyes,
skin, and coat.

VITAMIN B3 (NIACIN)
Promotes growth, proper functioning of the nervous system, maintenance of healthy skin, tongue, digestive system, and
carbohydrate-fat-protein metabolism.

VITAMIN B5 (PANTOTHENIC ACID)
Assists in the release of energy from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.   Aids in the utilization of some vitamins,
stimulates growth, and aids in the formation of antibodies.

VITAMIN B6 (PYRIDOXINE)
Necessary for carbohydrate-fat-protein metabolism, antibody and red blood cell formation, and aids in digestion. B6 also
helps maintain balance of sodium and phosphorus.

VITAMIN B12
Essential for normal formation of red blood cells, carbohydrate-fat-protein metabolism, and good appetite.  B12 maintains
fertility, promotes normal growth and development, and prevents nerve damage by maintaining the fatty sheaths that
protect nerve endings.

VITAMIN C (ESTER C™)
A powerful antioxidant that also protects other antioxidants such as Vitamin E.  The cells of the brain and spinal cord,
which frequently incur free radical damage, can be protected by significant amounts of Vitamin C.  In addition to its role
as an antioxidant, Vitamin C also increases the synthesis of Interferon, a natural anti-viral substance produced by the
body, and stimulates the activity of certain key immune cells.  Vitamin C is a key factor in many immune functions,
including white blood cell function and Interferon levels. Due to its antioxidant properties, it combats the effects of free
radicals while lowering the risk of cataracts and promoting cell growth and tissue repair.

VITAMIN E
An essential fat-soluble vitamin that includes eight naturally occurring compounds, and each of these compounds exhibit
different biological activities.  The most widely accepted biological function of Vitamin E is related to its antioxidant
activities.  Vitamin E is the most effective chain breaking lipid-soluble antioxidant in the biological membrane.  It
contributes to membrane activity, protecting critical cellular structures against damage from oxygen free radicals.

Deficiencies in Vitamin E may lead to reproductive failure, nutritional “muscular dystrophy,” hemolytic anemia, and
neurological and immunological abnormalities.

WHEY PROTEIN
The importance of protein in any carnivore’s diet cannot be understated, for it is critical in building and maintaining
muscle mass and other necessary metabolic functions.  Protein deficiencies can lead to retarded skeletal and muscle
growth and a weakened immune system, which causes susceptibility to infections and degenerative diseases.  (Feline
formula)

ZINC
Zinc is a component of almost one hundred enzymes involved in metabolic processes, most of which work with the red
blood cells to move carbon dioxide from the tissue to the lungs.  Zinc, functioning as an important antioxidant, promotes
normal growth and development, aids in wound-healing, enhances cell division, repair and growth, and maintains normal
levels of Vitamin A in the blood.  It also helps to synthesize DNA and RNA.  Zinc deficiencies have been linked to prostate
hypertrophy, cancer, slow recovery from head injuries, diabetes, arthritis, and reduced immune system responses.